DTH Glossary

· Access Card –It is plastic card that comes with satellite receiver and it identifies each receiver and informs the program provider about Pay-Per-View (PPV) usage every month.

· Antenna –It refers to a device that is attached to television for enhancing reception of local program signals (UHF and/or VHF).

· APG – Advance Program Guide

· ATSC – Advance Television Standard Committee

· Add-On Packages –These are additional programming upgrades that are added to a base package. It allows the customers to personalize programming with international channels,movies, sports, and pay-per-view.

· Bandwidth – It refers to a range of frequencies available on the electromagnetic spectrum.

· Broadband – Aset of digital technologies that offers the facility of signal switched to customers so that they can get integrated access tohigh-speed data service, voice, interactive delivery services, and video-on-demand services.

· CEMA – Consumer Electronics Manufacturers Association

· Common Carrier – This term denotes FCC’s class of transmission systems including telephone, telegraph and certain satellites

· Compression- It is a descriptive term for reducing the amount of bandwidth required for transmitting video or audio, thereby increasing the transponder’s capacity.

· CONUS -Continental United States Continuous Wave.

· Decibel – It refers to an analog unit for measuring signal strength in logarithmic form.

· DBS- Direct Broadcast Satellite It refers to transmission of audio and video signals through satellite directly to the end user by using C-Band and Ku-Band receivers.

· Demodulation- Process ofretrieving modulated information signal onto a carrier.

· Dish – Disc shaped antenna

· Downlink -Process of receiving signals from a satellite

· DTH -Direct-To-Home that refers to process of receiving satellite transmission directly to the home.

· DVR -Digital Video Recorders

· Encryption –It refers to the procedure of electronically converting video and/or audio signals into different format than the original.

· EPG – Electronic Programming Guide

· FSS – Fixed Satellite Service

· GSO -Geosynchronous Orbit

· HDTV -High Definition Television Technology that increases the resolution of digital video signals leading to improved picture quality

· Hybrid Satellite- A satellite which carries different communications payloads

· Hz, Hertz Cycle per second; a measure of electromagnetic frequency that represents the number of complete electrical waves in a second.

· ICTA -Independent Cable & Telecommunications Association.

· IPG -Interactive Programming Guide.

· INMARSAT -International Maritime Satellite Organization.

· INTELSAT – International Telecommunications Satellite Organization.

· ITU- International Telecommunications Union.

· IRD – Integrated Receiver Decoder

· Impulse Pay-Per-View Technology –It enables the consumer to buy a movie or special event instantly through computerized order processing centre.

· Ka-Band – 18 to 31 gigaHertz which is higher frequency than Ku-Band

· Ku-Band – 11.7-12.7 GHz (Gigahertz) frequency band.

· LEO -Low Earth Orbitsatellites that are placed in orbit less than 22,300 miles above the earth.

· LNB -Low Noise Block convertor which is used for amplifying and converting satellite signals into frequencies sent to the tuner.

· Modulation – It refers to the process of converting information signal into format that can be sent onto a carrier for transmission.

· MPEG -Motion Pictures Experts Group.

· NAB- National Association of Broadcasters.

· NCTA -National Cable Television Association.

· Packet Data – A process for transmitting data in discrete units called packets that allow efficient usage of channel capacity and reliable transfer.

· Pad – It refers to transponder channel attenuation.

· PVR – Personal Video Recorder (PVR) Product

· PCS – Personal Communications System.

· QPSK – Quaternary Phase Shift Keying

· RPM – Revolutions Per Minute.

· RBOC – Regional Bell Operating Company.

· SBCA – Satellite Broadcasting and Communications Association.

· SCPC – Single Channel Per-Carrier

· Satellite Antenna (Dish) – It refers to a parabolic antenna which collects satellite signals.

· SMATV -Satellite Master Antenna Television

· SNG -Satellite Newsgathering.

· Transceiver – It is a combination of transmitter and receiver.

· Transponder- It refers to a satellite component for receiving and retransmitting a TV signal or audio channels.

· TVRO – (Television Receive-Only)

· UHF -Ultra High Frequency Band in the 500 to 900 MHz range

· VHF -Very High Frequency; Band in the 30 to 300 MHz range

· VSAT- Very Small Aperture Terminal

Disclaimer : Information subject to change. Please check with the vendor’s website for latest information.